先導計劃為申請人注射的是哪一種疫苗?注射疫苗的程序如何?

先導計劃為申請人注射的是含人類乳頭瘤病毒 (HPV) 6、11、16、18、31、33、45、52及58型L1蛋白的九合一疫苗,可預防由疫苗內含相關HPV病毒引致的生殖器疣、子宮頸 / 陰道 / 外陰 / 肛門的癌前病變及癌症。

根據疫苗廠方所提供的資料,九合一疫苗需在半年內接種三劑,在完成第一劑後,兩個月後注射第二劑,再隔四個月注射第三劑。14歲及以下的申請人只需接種兩劑,即是在完成第一劑後,六個月後打第二劑。暫時未有研究顯示需要打加強劑。

Which types of vaccine is used for applicants in this pilot scheme? How should the vaccine be given?

The vaccine used in this Pilot Scheme contains Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, 58 L1 protein. It prevents genital warts, premalignant genital lesions and cancers affecting the cervix, vulva, vagina and anus caused by HPV types included in the vaccine.

Based on the information from the vaccine’s manufacturer, 3 doses of the vaccine should be given within half a year. After the first injection, the second injection will be given 2 months later and the third injection will be given after another 4 months. Girls who are 14 years old or younger only need two doses, so the first injection will be followed 6 months later by the second injection. Currently there is no evidence that further booster is needed.

 

注射子宮頸癌疫苗會出現短暫反應嗎?

子宮頸癌疫苗的安全性已獲多個如美加、歐洲等監管機構及世界衞生組織認可,注射後的短暫反應包括:注射部位疼痛及出現紅腫、皮膚出現紅斑或痕癢、發燒、頭痛等。

如果發現持續不適,應盡快看醫生,並告知醫生妳最近曾接種的疫苗。如果妳有以下情況:包括對酵母及疫苗針有敏感反應、已經懷孕、有免疫系統疾病、血小板過低、凝血有困難,例如在打針、受傷或脫牙後流血不止、當天發燒或正在服用藥物,請在注射前告知醫生。

Does the vaccination cause any transient reactions?

The safety of the HPV vaccine is widely accepted by many monitoring agencies in USA, Canada, Europe, and the World Health Organization. Transient reactions after injection include: pain and swelling at the injection site, skin redness or itching, fever, headache, etc.

If the problem persists, you should consult a doctor and tell the doctor about your recent vaccination. Please inform our doctor before injection if you have any of the following conditions: allergic reaction to yeast or vaccines; pregnancy; disease of the immune system; low platelet count; blood clotting problem causing continued bleeding after injection, injury or tooth extraction; and any fever or medication taken on that day.

 

如何預防子宮頸癌?

除了接種疫苗外,要減低性行為的風險:例如維持固定單一的性伴侶、每次性交都使用安全套、不吸煙、不喝酒以提升自身的免疫系統,抵抗病毒。

How to prevent cervical cancer?

Prevention of cervical cancer takes more than HPV vaccination. Avoid risky sexual behavior by maintaining a stable and monogamous relationship, using a condom every time, and do not smoke or drink alcohol, so that your own immune system can resist the virus.

 

注射疫苗後,女性是否需要接受定期的子宮頸細胞檢查?

疫苗並不是百分百能夠預防子宮頸癌,女性在25歲起仍要定期接受子宮頸細胞檢查。

Will women need to have regular cervical smear examination after getting vaccinated?

Vaccination is not 100 percent effective in preventing cervical cancer. Women should start to have regular cervical smear examination when they reach the age of 25.